Lupus: Cuando tu cuerpo se ataca a sí mismo.

Jun 19, 2021

Understanding Lupus

Lupus, also known as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), is a chronic autoimmune disease that affects various parts of the body. It occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks healthy cells, tissues, and organs, leading to inflammation, pain, and organ damage.

Symptoms of Lupus

The symptoms of lupus can vary between individuals and may come and go. Some common symptoms include:

  • Extreme fatigue and weakness
  • Joint pain and stiffness
  • Skin rashes, especially on the face (known as butterfly rash)
  • Fever
  • Hair loss
  • Sensitivity to sunlight

Causes and Triggers

The exact cause of lupus is unknown, but it is believed to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Some potential triggers for lupus flares include:

  • Exposure to sunlight
  • Infections, such as viruses
  • Hormonal changes, like those during pregnancy or menstruation
  • Certain medications
  • Stress

Diagnosing Lupus

Diagnosing lupus can be challenging as it shares symptoms with other conditions. A healthcare professional will consider medical history, perform a physical examination, and may also order specific tests, including:

  • Blood tests to measure markers of inflammation and antibodies
  • Kidney and liver function tests
  • Skin or kidney biopsy
  • Imaging tests, such as X-rays or ultrasounds

Treatment Options

While there is no cure for lupus, effective treatments can help manage symptoms and prevent flare-ups. The treatment plan may include:

  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to relieve pain and inflammation
  • Corticosteroids to reduce inflammation during severe flare-ups
  • Immunosuppressant drugs to suppress the overactive immune response
  • Antimalarial drugs to manage symptoms and protect against organ damage
  • Lifestyle changes, such as stress management and sun protection

Living with Lupus

Living with lupus requires ongoing management and self-care. It is crucial to:

  • Frequently follow up with healthcare providers to monitor symptoms and adjust treatment
  • Get regular exercise and maintain a healthy diet
  • Avoid smoking and excessive alcohol consumption
  • Take steps to reduce stress and get enough rest
  • Protect the skin from sunlight with sunscreen and protective clothing


Lupus is a complex autoimmune disease that can significantly impact a person's quality of life. By understanding the symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatment options, individuals and their loved ones can better navigate the challenges posed by lupus. Remember to consult with a healthcare professional for personalized advice and guidance specific to your situation.

Darren Crocker
Muy útil para entender el lupus.
Nov 11, 2023
Seth Gandara
¡Excelente artículo! Me ayudó a entender mejor lo que es el lupus y sus síntomas. Gracias.
Oct 6, 2023