CIDP - Autoimmune Neuropathy and CIDP

May 4, 2020

Welcome to the comprehensive guide on Autoimmune Neuropathy and CIDP, brought to you by MUIR DIABLO OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE, a leading provider of occupational medicine services. In this article, we will delve into the details of this chronic inflammatory nerve disorder, its symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatment options.

Understanding Autoimmune Neuropathy

Autoimmune Neuropathy refers to a group of disorders where the body's immune system mistakenly attacks the nerves, leading to nerve dysfunction and damage. CIDP (Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy) is a specific type of Autoimmune Neuropathy characterized by chronic inflammation of the nerves.

Symptoms of CIDP

The symptoms of CIDP can vary from person to person but generally include:

  • Progressive weakness in the limbs: Patients may experience gradually increasing weakness in their arms, legs, hands, or feet.
  • Tingling and numbness: Some individuals may feel a sensation of pins and needles, or they may experience numbness in the affected areas.
  • Balance and coordination issues: CIDP can cause difficulties with balance and coordination, making walking or fine motor tasks challenging.
  • Fatigue: Many CIDP patients report feeling tired or fatigued, even after minimal exertion.
  • Decreased reflexes: Reflexes may become abnormally diminished due to nerve damage.

Causes and Risk Factors

The exact cause of CIDP is still not fully understood, but it is believed to result from an abnormal immune response. Certain risk factors may increase the likelihood of developing CIDP, including:

  • Genetic predisposition: Some individuals may have a genetic predisposition to developing autoimmune disorders.
  • Viral or bacterial infections: Infections such as the flu or Epstein-Barr virus have been associated with triggering CIDP.
  • Other autoimmune conditions: People with existing autoimmune disorders, such as lupus or rheumatoid arthritis, may be more susceptible to CIDP.

Diagnosis of CIDP

Proper diagnosis of CIDP involves a comprehensive evaluation of symptoms, medical history, and specialized tests. A neurologist, with expertise in autoimmune disorders, will typically perform thorough examinations, which may include:

  • Electromyography (EMG): This test measures the electrical activity of the muscles and helps identify nerve damage.
  • Nerve conduction studies: By assessing the speed and strength of nerve signals, these studies can help diagnose CIDP.
  • Spinal tap (lumbar puncture): Analyzing the cerebrospinal fluid can provide valuable insights into the presence of inflammation.

Treatment Options

Fortunately, CIDP is a treatable condition, and various treatment options are available to manage its symptoms and slow its progression:

  • Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) therapy: IVIG involves infusing immunoglobulins into the bloodstream to modulate the immune system and reduce inflammation.
  • Corticosteroids: These anti-inflammatory medications may be prescribed to minimize nerve inflammation.
  • Plasma exchange: Plasma exchange involves removing blood plasma and replacing it with donor plasma to eliminate harmful antibodies.
  • Physical therapy: Physical therapy exercises can improve muscle strength, flexibility, and restore functionality.

MUIR DIABLO OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE understands the complexities of CIDP management and offers specialized treatment plans tailored to each patient's unique needs. Our team of experienced healthcare professionals, combined with cutting-edge diagnostic tools, ensures optimal care and improved quality of life for individuals living with CIDP.


In conclusion, CIDP is a chronic inflammatory nerve disorder that falls under the umbrella of Autoimmune Neuropathy. Proper diagnosis and early intervention are crucial in effectively managing the symptoms and improving the overall prognosis. MUIR DIABLO OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE is dedicated to providing comprehensive care to individuals with CIDP, employing advanced treatment strategies to promote better health and well-being.

If you suspect you may have CIDP or are experiencing symptoms associated with Autoimmune Neuropathy, we encourage you to schedule an appointment with our experts at MUIR DIABLO OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE for a thorough evaluation and personalized treatment plan.

Sumit Kakra
This guide is extremely helpful. 🙌 Thank you for sharing!
Oct 12, 2023