Las vacunas en la infancia: qué, por qué y cuándo

May 1, 2019

Welcome to AltaMed, your source for comprehensive health information. In this article, we will discuss the importance of childhood vaccinations and provide detailed information on the types of vaccines, their benefits, and the recommended timing for each vaccine.

The Importance of Childhood Vaccinations

Childhood vaccinations play a critical role in protecting children from potentially harmful diseases. By receiving vaccinations, children can develop immunity against various infections, preventing the spread of diseases within communities and safeguarding their own health.

Types of Vaccinations

There are several types of vaccinations that are recommended for children. These include:

Mandatory Vaccinations

Mandatory vaccinations are those required by law in order to attend school or daycare. These vaccinations protect against serious diseases such as measles, mumps, rubella, polio, hepatitis B, and diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis.

Recommended Vaccinations

In addition to mandatory vaccinations, there are also recommended vaccinations that help prevent other common diseases. These include vaccines for influenza (flu), pneumococcal diseases, rotavirus, and varicella (chickenpox), among others.

Optional Vaccinations

Optional vaccinations, also known as supplemental immunizations, are not mandatory but offer protection against additional diseases. Examples of optional vaccinations include vaccines for hepatitis A, meningococcal diseases, and human papillomavirus (HPV).

Benefits of Childhood Vaccinations

The benefits of childhood vaccinations are significant. Vaccinations:

  • Protect children from serious illnesses
  • Prevent the spread of diseases in the community
  • Reduce healthcare costs associated with treating preventable diseases
  • Save lives
  • Provide long-term immunity

Timing of Vaccinations

The timing of vaccinations is crucial for ensuring their effectiveness. It is important to follow the recommended vaccination schedule provided by medical professionals or local health authorities. Vaccines are often given in multiple doses, and maintaining the appropriate timing between doses is essential for optimal immunity.

Consulting with Medical Professionals

When it comes to vaccinating your child, it is always best to consult with knowledgeable medical professionals. They can provide guidance on the specific vaccines recommended for your child based on their age, health condition, and other factors. By collaborating with healthcare experts, you can make informed decisions about your child's vaccinations and ensure their well-being.


Childhood vaccinations are a vital aspect of ensuring the health and well-being of children. By understanding the types of vaccines available, their benefits, and the recommended timing, parents can make informed decisions about vaccinating their children. At AltaMed, we prioritize the health of your family and offer comprehensive healthcare services, including vaccinations, to protect and support your child's development.

George Gray
Excelente artículo, muy informativo. Las vacunas son fundamentales para proteger a nuestros niños.
Nov 12, 2023