Las apoplejías pueden ser devastadoras pero completamente prevenibles

Nov 9, 2018


Welcome to AltaMed, your trusted source for comprehensive health information and preventive care. In this article, we will explore the topic of stroke, specifically focusing on how strokes can be devastating, yet completely preventable.

Understanding Strokes

A stroke, also known as a cerebrovascular accident (CVA), occurs when the blood supply to the brain is disrupted, leading to the rapid loss of brain functions. Strokes can happen suddenly and without warning, often resulting in severe and long-lasting effects. Understanding the causes, symptoms, and risk factors associated with strokes is crucial in taking preventive measures.

Causes of Strokes

Strokes can be caused by various factors, including:

  • High blood pressure: Uncontrolled hypertension increases the risk of strokes.
  • Smoking: Tobacco use damages blood vessels and promotes clot formation, increasing stroke risk.
  • Diabetes: Individuals with diabetes have a higher likelihood of experiencing strokes.
  • High cholesterol: Elevated cholesterol levels can lead to the development of fatty deposits in blood vessels, increasing the risk of stroke.
  • Obesity: Being overweight or obese contributes to several stroke risk factors, such as high blood pressure and diabetes.
  • Unhealthy diet: Consuming a diet high in saturated fats, salt, and processed foods can contribute to stroke risk.
  • Lack of physical activity: Sedentary lifestyles increase the likelihood of developing stroke risk factors.
  • Family history: Having a family history of strokes or certain genetic conditions may increase the likelihood of experiencing a stroke.

Recognizing the Symptoms

It is crucial to recognize the symptoms of a stroke promptly. Common signs include:

  • Sudden numbness or weakness on one side of the face, arm, or leg.
  • Difficulty speaking or understanding speech.
  • Sudden blurred vision or loss of vision.
  • Dizziness or loss of balance.
  • Severe headache with no known cause.

Preventing Strokes

Fortunately, strokes can be prevented through several lifestyle modifications and medical interventions. Here are some essential preventive measures:

1. Maintain a Healthy Lifestyle

Adopting a healthy lifestyle can significantly reduce the risk of strokes. This includes:

  • Eating a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins.
  • Engaging in regular physical activity, such as brisk walking, swimming, or cycling.
  • Avoiding tobacco use and excessive alcohol consumption.
  • Managing stress levels through relaxation techniques like yoga or meditation.

2. Control Blood Pressure

High blood pressure is a significant risk factor for strokes. It is essential to monitor your blood pressure regularly and take necessary steps to keep it within a healthy range. This may include:

  • Taking prescribed medications as directed by your healthcare provider.
  • Reducing sodium intake and adopting a low-salt diet.
  • Maintaining a healthy weight through regular exercise and a balanced diet.
  • Managing stress and practicing relaxation techniques.

3. Manage Diabetes

If you have diabetes, it is crucial to manage your blood sugar levels effectively to minimize the risk of stroke. Effective diabetes management involves:

  • Monitoring blood sugar levels regularly as prescribed by your healthcare provider.
  • Taking medications as directed and following a proper meal plan.
  • Engaging in regular physical activity to improve insulin sensitivity.
  • Working closely with your healthcare team to manage other risk factors associated with diabetes, such as high blood pressure and cholesterol.

4. Regular Health Check-ups

Regular health check-ups are essential for early detection and management of stroke risk factors. Visit your healthcare provider regularly to:

  • Monitor blood pressure, cholesterol, and blood sugar levels.
  • Discuss any changes in your health or concerning symptoms.
  • Receive appropriate screenings, such as carotid ultrasound or heart rhythm monitoring.
  • Receive guidance on lifestyle modifications and medication management, if necessary.


Strokes can have devastating consequences, but the good news is that they are largely preventable. By understanding the causes, recognizing the symptoms, and taking proactive steps to mitigate risk factors, you can significantly reduce your chances of experiencing a stroke. Remember, prevention is key, and your health should always be a top priority. Trust AltaMed - MUIR DIABLO OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE for comprehensive information and expert guidance on stroke prevention and overall well-being.

Kendal Callender
Excelente información.
Oct 5, 2023