Understanding Celiac Disease

Jun 9, 2022


At MUIR DIABLO OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE, we strive to provide comprehensive information to help individuals understand and manage various health conditions. In this guide, we will delve into the topic of celiac disease, providing you with in-depth insights into this common autoimmune disorder.

What is Celiac Disease?

Celiac disease is a chronic autoimmune condition that affects the digestive system. It is triggered by the consumption of gluten, a protein found in wheat, barley, and rye. When individuals with celiac disease consume gluten, their immune system reacts by damaging the lining of the small intestine, leading to various symptoms and potentially long-term complications.

Symptoms and Diagnosis

Recognizing the symptoms of celiac disease is crucial for early intervention and appropriate management. Common symptoms include:

  • Abdominal pain: Some individuals experience chronic or recurrent abdominal pain that can be severe.
  • Digestive issues: Symptoms may include diarrhea, bloating, gas, and constipation.
  • Weight loss and malnutrition: Due to malabsorption of nutrients, unintended weight loss and nutrient deficiencies can occur.
  • Fatigue and weakness: Celiac disease can cause general fatigue, weakness, and a lack of energy.
  • Skin rashes: Dermatitis herpetiformis, a skin rash characterized by blisters and itchiness, is commonly associated with celiac disease.

If you suspect you may have celiac disease, it is crucial to consult with a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis. Diagnosis often involves a combination of blood tests, genetic testing, and a biopsy of the small intestine.

Treatment and Management

Managing celiac disease requires a strict gluten-free diet. By eliminating gluten from their diet, individuals with celiac disease can alleviate symptoms, promote intestinal healing, and prevent long-term complications. It is essential to read food labels carefully, as gluten can be present in various unexpected products.

In addition to dietary modifications, individuals with celiac disease may benefit from consulting a registered dietitian to ensure nutritional adequacy and learn about alternative food options. It is also crucial to monitor nutrient levels regularly, as certain deficiencies may require additional supplementation.

Potential Complications

When left untreated or improperly managed, celiac disease can lead to several complications, including:

  • Osteoporosis: Celiac disease can interfere with calcium absorption, leading to weakened bones and an increased risk of fractures.
  • Anemia: Chronic inflammation and nutrient deficiencies can contribute to iron deficiency anemia.
  • Infertility and miscarriages: Celiac disease may impact fertility in both men and women, increasing the risk of miscarriages.
  • Neurological disorders: Some individuals with celiac disease may experience neurological symptoms such as seizures, peripheral neuropathy, and migraines.


Understanding celiac disease is crucial for those affected and their loved ones. By familiarizing yourself with the symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and potential complications, you can better manage the condition and improve your quality of life.

For more information about celiac disease or to consult with our healthcare professionals, please contact MUIR DIABLO OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE. We are dedicated to providing comprehensive resources and personalized care to individuals living with celiac disease and other health conditions.