Everything to Know about Eczema

Aug 25, 2018

Eczema is a common skin condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It is characterized by inflamed, itchy, and red patches on the skin. This chronic condition can be frustrating and uncomfortable, but with the right knowledge and treatment, it can be managed effectively. At MUIR DIABLO OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE, we strive to provide comprehensive information on eczema to help individuals understand and manage this condition.

Understanding Eczema

Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, is a chronic inflammatory skin condition that primarily affects children but can persist into adulthood. It is believed to be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. While the exact cause of eczema is unknown, certain triggers can worsen symptoms, including stress, allergens, irritants, and climate.

Common Symptoms

The symptoms of eczema can vary from person to person, but common signs include:

  • Itchy skin
  • Red, inflamed patches
  • Dry and cracked skin
  • Bumps or blisters
  • Oozing or crusting
  • Thickened, leathery skin

Potential Causes

While the exact causes of eczema are not fully understood, there are several factors that may contribute to its development, including:

  • Genetic predisposition
  • Abnormal immune response
  • Environmental factors
  • Food allergies or sensitivities
  • Exposure to irritants
  • Stress

Treatment Options

Effective treatment for eczema depends on the severity and individual needs. At MUIR DIABLO OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE, our team of experts can provide personalized treatment recommendations and help you manage your symptoms. Some common treatment options for eczema include:

Topical Medications

Topical corticosteroids are commonly prescribed to reduce inflammation and relieve itching associated with eczema. Other topical treatments, such as moisturizers and barrier creams, can help repair and protect the skin.


Antihistamines can help alleviate itching and improve sleep quality for individuals with eczema. These medications work by blocking histamine receptors, reducing the inflammatory response.

Wet Dressings

Wet dressings, also known as wet wraps, can be applied to the affected areas to moisturize the skin and soothe itching. This technique involves wrapping the affected areas with wet bandages or clothing.

Light Therapy

Phototherapy involves exposing the skin to ultraviolet light under medical supervision. This treatment option can help reduce inflammation and alleviate symptoms. It is often used for individuals with moderate to severe eczema.

Trigger Management

Identifying and avoiding potential triggers can help prevent eczema flare-ups. Common triggers include certain foods, harsh chemicals, allergens, and extreme temperature changes. Our experts can help you identify and manage your triggers effectively.

Living with Eczema

While eczema is a chronic condition, it doesn't have to hinder your quality of life. By adopting certain lifestyle modifications and following a consistent treatment plan, you can effectively manage your symptoms and minimize flare-ups.

Proper Skincare

Maintaining proper skincare is crucial for individuals with eczema. Use gentle, fragrance-free products and moisturize regularly to keep your skin hydrated. Avoid excessive bathing or hot showers as they can exacerbate dryness.

Stress Management

Stress is known to trigger eczema flare-ups. Engage in stress-reducing activities such as yoga, meditation, or regular exercise to help keep your symptoms under control.

Dietary Considerations

While there is no specific diet for eczema, some individuals may find that certain foods trigger their symptoms. Consider keeping a food diary to identify any potential triggers and consult with a healthcare professional or registered dietitian for personalized dietary advice.

Support Groups

Connecting with others who have eczema can provide support, understanding, and valuable tips for managing the condition. Consider joining a local support group or online community to share experiences and learn from others.

At MUIR DIABLO OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE, we understand the challenges of living with eczema, and we are committed to providing the highest quality care and support. Our experienced team is here to help you navigate your eczema journey and find effective solutions tailored to your needs.

Disclaimer: The information provided on this page is intended for informational purposes only and should not substitute professional medical advice. Please consult with a qualified healthcare professional for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan for eczema or any other medical condition.

Chi Chu
Such helpful information! ­čÖî­čĆ╗
Nov 10, 2023
Corey Barker
Great article! Very informative and helpful. Eczema can be a challenging condition, but understanding it is the first step towards managing it effectively. Thank you for sharing this information!
Oct 8, 2023